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History of Kenderes
During the Copper and the Bronze Ages Kenderes was populated. The history of Kenderes may be traceable till era of conquest although it is mentioned first in 1352. King Béla IV invited 40 to 60 thousand Cumans and a smaller group of Jazyges to settle in depopulated areas of the Great Hungarian Plain that would become Kunság and Jazygia. The fate of the community was greatly influenced by the fact that it got wedged in the Cumanian settlements. In the middle age it was a prospering settlement, and it was a market-town for centuries.
Aba Samuel was in the settlement when he was defeated in Ménfő and he was killed by his pursuers. The legend says he was buried in the ancestral church. Beside Aba clan there were other nationalities living in this surrounding that were later merged with Hungarian.
Saint Ladislas passed through here.
The local nobles invited King Matthias Corvinus for few days when he was in the Transylvanian Highlands.
Blind Bottyán started here his famous campaign against the Serbs. In January 1849 the sacred crown was ran away through Kenderes to Debrecen. Miklós Horthy was the most famous person in Kenderes; he was the Regent of Hungary during the interwar years and throughout most of World War II, serving from March 1, 1920 to October 15, 1944.
Kenderes was a very poor lowland village in the middle age. The village suffered a lot from the devastation caused by the Turkish in the second half of the 18th century. It was plundered by the Serbs during the Rákóczi freedom fight in 1705. The Heves meeting of the county council decided to re-settle the village on 4 January 1728. The new settlers came from the near Cumanian villages, Mátra, Tokaj and Sárospatak.
The settlement was granted town rights on 15 August 2004.
Sightseeing in Kenderes
First you can see the Horthy Castle, today this building is a high school and a students' hostel. You can see the room, which was furnished exactly. The Horthy Navy Museum is the only one collection of the kind in the country. The values of the community are Calvinist and the Catholic Church, which was built in the 18th century. The post office, the primary school and the town hall are beautiful among the public buildings. You can walk and rest in the Horthy Park which is a natural area. You can find here the monument of the First World War. Near the monument there is the Horthy family crypt. You can see this historic building with a guide after previous notice.
The guide of the Horthy Museum goes with you on the "Horthy tour" which includes every important place in the town.
Let's visit us.
Looking forward to meet you.